Nutrition

If you're finding it difficult to include calcium in your meals, here are some clever tips to help you add this important mineral and other bone healthy nutrients to your daily diet. Read more
Nutrition and bone, muscle and joint health are closely related. A healthy diet can help you prevent and manage osteoporosis and related musculoskeletal disorders by assisting in the production and maintenance of bone. Conversely, if you're not getting the right nutrients you're putting yourself at greater risk for bone, muscle and joint disease. So which nutrients should you be getting, and what... Read more
Vitamin D is essential for the development and maintenance of bone, both for its role in assisting calcium absorption from food in the intestine, and for ensuring the correct renewal and mineralization of bone tissue. The type of vitamin D made in the skin is referred to as vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), whereas the dietary form can be vitamin D3 or a closely related molecule of plant origin known... Read more
These brochures are freely available for download and use. They include easy-to-understand advice on building and maintaining strong bones at every stage of life, as well as tips on recognizing osteoporosis risk factors and minimizing the likelihood of fractures. Click on the images or links below for more information. Read more
Some risk factors for osteoarthritis are modifiable. Prevention of osteoarthritis should focus on risk factors one can control, such as maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding occupational hazards that stress the joints. Occupations involving heavy physical work, especially prolonged kneeling and squatting, have approximately twice the risk of knee osteoarthritis1. Read more
When it comes to prevention, enough cannot be said to highlight the importance of an active lifestyle, not only for prevention of sarcopenia, but for prevention of multitude of diseases. Numerous studies show resistance training in combination with aerobic exercise is effective in maintaining muscle mass and slowing progression of sarcopenia as we age. Research has also revealed nutrition plays... Read more
There are currently no approved drug treatments for sarcopenia. Researchers face limitations in developing studies due to the lack of standardized primary outcomes (this means, because it is a new field, protocols and outcomes for drug-related sarcopenia studies are difficult to determine)1. Read more
Alcohol Moderate alcohol intake is not thought to be harmful to bone. In contrast, higher levels of alcohol intake – more than two standard units of alcohol daily – are been found to produce a significant increase in the risk of hip and other osteoporotic fractures (28). Read more
Being underweight is a strong risk factor for osteoporosis. Read more
Genetic factors play a significant role in determining whether an individual is at heightened risk of osteoporosis. However, lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity also influence bone development in youth and the rate of bone loss later in life. Read more

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