Risk factors

These brochures are freely available for download and use. They include easy-to-understand advice on building and maintaining strong bones at every stage of life, as well as tips on recognizing osteoporosis risk factors and minimizing the likelihood of fractures. Click on the images or links below for more information. Read more
There are a number of known osteoarthritis risk factors, these include: Age Incidence of osteoarthritis increases with age but this increase occurs predominately in the knee, hip and hand1. A significant portion of elderly adults do not develop osteoarthritis indicating that the disease is not an inevitable consequence of aging1. Read more
As sarcopenia is a disorder related to advancing age, the condition is generally attributed to four key risk factors: being of an age 40 years and older, a sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition, and a diet high in acid-producing foods. While each of these factors is distinct, they combine to produce an age-related loss of muscle coordination and mass. Read more
Most modifiable risk factors, which arise primarily because of unhealthy diet or lifestyle choices, directly impact bone biology and result in a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD). Some modifiable risk factors also increase the risk of fracture independently of their effect on bone itself.The good news is everyone can take steps to reduce these risk factors for osteoporosis and related... Read more
Fixed risk factors determine whether an individual is at heightened risk of osteoporosis. Also, unlike modifiable risks, they are factors which we can’t change, including age, gender and family history. Read more
Because bone loss is gradual and painless, there are usually no symptoms to indicate a person is developing osteoporosis. This is why osteoporosis is often referred to as the silent disease. Often the first symptom of osteoporosis is a fracture. Most commonly, osteoporotic fractures occur at the spine, the wrist or the hip, although osteoporotic fractures can occur in other bones as well. Read more
Are you among the one in three women, and the one in five men over the age of 50 who will be affected by osteoporosis in their lifetimes? Osteoporosis weakens bones and leads to fractures. It causes severe disability. But osteoporosis can be detected early. It can be treated. If you knew something that could harm you was coming, wouldn't you avoid it? Read more
1. What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone density and quality are reduced. As bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fractures greatly increases. Bone loss occurs "silently" and progressively – often there are no symptoms until the first fracture occurs. For these reasons, osteoporosis is often referred to as the "silent epidemic". Read more about osteoporosis. Read more
Osteoporosis is often thought of as a women’s disease, as it is particularly common after menopause. The reality is osteoporosis also affects men. Although fragility fractures are less common in men, when they occur, these fractures can be associated with higher rates of disability and death than in women. Overall, 1 in 5 men over the age of 50 will have an osteoporosis related fracture. This is... Read more


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